In the tech landscape dominated by industry giants, ensuring startups have access to artificial intelligence is essential. Recent developments suggest that open-source Large Language Models (LLMs) could revolutionise the field, providing startups an unparalleled opportunity to harness AI innovation...

In the article below, written by the team at Déjà Partners, we explore how open-source initiatives are making it possible for startups to build powerful AI applications without breaking the bank. As the barriers to entry imposed by proprietary LLMs begin to disintegrate, startups are finding themselves with affordable, speedy access to AI capabilities. This newfound opportunity, coupled with the collaborative ethos of the AI open-source community, promises to fuel rapid innovation and growth.

The rapid advancements in the realm of artificial intelligence (AI), particularly Large Language Models (LLMs), have transformed the technological landscape.

Yet, as innovation and growth have thrived, barriers to access have emerged. With escalating costs and expertise required, a select few companies have monopolised AI development, relegating startups and smaller players to the side lines.

But recent shifts and leaked documents suggest that the open-source community is set to upend this status quo.

The Era of Proprietary LLMs

The advent of state-of-the-art LLMs has ushered in an era where only the most resource-rich companies have the privilege of pioneering AI advancements.

Training these powerful, resource-hungry platforms, such as OpenAI’s ChatGPT, demands immense technical and financial resources. OpenAI, for example, reportedly employed a staggering 10,000 Nvidia GPUs and deep machine learning expertise for this feat.

This high barrier to entry has, up until now, led to closed, proprietary systems, with distribution typically limited to APIs.

The Proprietary Challenge

A recently leaked document from a Google researcher aptly titled “We Have No Moat” paints a sobering picture of the AI arms race between giants like Google and OpenAI with the researcher revealing that “we aren’t positioned to win this arms race and neither is OpenAI”.

While Google and OpenAI have been battling each other, open-source initiatives have been making strides, solving significant challenges at astonishing speeds. These include running LLMs on mobile devices, quickly fine-tuning personalised AIs, and even responsible release mechanisms.

The Pushback: A Renewed Embrace of Open Source

Against this backdrop, the tech world has seen a resurgence of the open-source movement, fuelled primarily by AI developments.

Startups, academic institutions, and collectives are actively pushing back against the trend of proprietary LLMs, in an effort to democratise access to these powerful technologies.

Recent months have witnessed significant milestones like Databricks unveiling Dolly, inspired by Stanford’s Alpaca model, which is itself based on Meta’s LLaMA model.

Meta’s Approach to Open Source and the Unexpected Leak

Meta is known for its inclination towards open-source models, a trait largely attributed to its FAIR (Fundamental AI Research Team).

The company initially made LLaMA’s model weights selectively available to researchers and academics, but these were quickly leaked onto 4chan. This unexpected event allowed developers worldwide to have unrestricted access to a GPT-level LLM, breaking previously insurmountable barriers.

Significance of Open Source for Startups

Proprietary AI models, with their exclusivity and high costs, can be a huge barrier for startups. They can also hamper innovation given the lack of financial and technical resources to train a state-of-the-art LLM.

Open-source LLMs like Alpaca and Dolly can act as equalisers, enabling startups to bypass the expensive and time-consuming phase of model training.

With such open-source models readily available, startups can now unlock a wide array of opportunities.

They can venture into creating sophisticated chatbots, design content generation tools tailored for marketers, or even embark on developing niche business applications that address unique challenges within specific industries.

The availability of these models paves the way for an era of unprecedented innovation and diverse technological solutions.

The Collaborative Spirit of Open Source

One of the core principles of open source is collaboration. Open-sourced LLMs benefit from a global community of developers, researchers, and enthusiasts, contributing toward refining and improving the models.

This collaborative effort feeds into a cycle of rapid innovation, in stark contrast to the slower, resource-intensive process of proprietary model development.

Open-source LLMs also significantly reduce the time to market, enabling startups to quickly prototype, iterate, and deploy their innovative solutions.

Future of Open Source and LLMs

According to the leaked Google document, the focus on massive, unwieldy and proprietary models could be a strategic mistake.

Agile, smaller models that can be quickly trained are now being recognised as equally potent, especially when startups aim for quick product releases and updates. Open-source initiatives provide the perfect playground for this agile development.

As this tug-of-war continues, it’s becoming clear that the democratisation of AI LLMs is instrumental in fostering innovation, inclusivity, and progress.


While the journey of LLMs has seen triumphs, challenges, and controversies, the renewed vigour of the open-source movement offers a promising path forward.

Fuelled by startups and academic institutions, this democratisation ensures that the vast potential of AI LLMs will be accessible and beneficial to all, not just confined to tech giants.

In this new era, startups have a golden opportunity to leverage these powerful, open-source tools, setting the stage for unprecedented innovation and growth.

Thanks for reading.


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