Over the past few years, the investment landscape, especially in Europe, has been evolving dramatically with the rise of deep tech startups, which are driving a new wave of innovation and attracting substantial interest from venture capital firms and corporate investors alike...

Deep tech involves building upon significant scientific or engineering breakthroughs to develop innovative solutions, typically requiring significant time and investment to mature and commercialise. Deep tech startups tend to focus on solving big issues that affect industries or society as a whole. Some examples of deep tech include artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, batteries, blockchain, biotechnology, quantum computing, and advanced materials science.

With the rise in the number of deep tech startups, more investors with a grasp of the complex dynamics of deep tech are entering the field. In addition, corporate venture arms are becoming increasingly influential as they seek to capture significant new opportunities into the future.

However, this is no ordinary investment landscape. Deep tech startups often require a longer gestation period compared to traditional tech startups. This necessitates a shift from the typical venture capital model to one that embraces ‘patient capital’. It calls for investors who can provide substantial financial support over a prolonged period and are prepared to wait longer for returns on their investments.

Furthermore, deep tech ventures are typically rooted in complex and cutting-edge technological innovations. Thus, not every investor is equipped to evaluate the potential of these startups accurately. Investing in this domain requires a profound understanding of specific technology domains and the foresight to see how they may revolutionise industries or society as a whole.

Recognising these unique requirements, venture capital firms are adapting their strategies. Many are employing tech specialists or partnering with experts who can assess the potential of proposed technological advancements. Additionally, they are establishing stronger ties with academia, acknowledging that a significant proportion of deep tech emerges from research institutions. These collaborations can often lead to the setting up of incubators and accelerators to nurture promising projects.

Corporate venture arms, too, are stepping up their game. Understanding that deep tech can lead to revolutionary products and services, they see the value in investing in this area. These corporate investors bring not only financial resources but also industry experience, market insights, and a network of potential clients and partners that can be crucial for the growth of deep tech startups.

However, while the rise of deep tech startups presents enormous opportunities, it also comes with significant challenges. The road to commercialising deep tech is often fraught with uncertainties and high risks. Rising interest rates also pose a substantial challenge, adding another layer of complexity to the investment decisions.

Yet, the promise that deep tech holds – the potential to create new markets, disrupt existing ones, and bring about significant societal changes – continues to attract bold investors. It’s a brave new world out there for venture capitalists and corporate investors, one that is as challenging as it is exciting. As they dive deeper into this uncharted territory, their strategic decisions will shape not only their portfolios but also the future of technology and society.

What is Deep Tech?

Deep tech involves building upon significant scientific or engineering breakthroughs to develop innovative solutions, typically requiring significant time and investment to mature and commercialise. Deep tech startups tend to focus on solving big issues that affect industries or society as a whole.

The defining characteristics of deep tech are:

  1. Technology advancement: Deep tech often relies on proprietary technologies or unique technological advancements that give a competitive advantage.
  2. Long-term focus: Unlike other tech startups that may focus on rapid scaling and growth, deep tech companies often require longer-term investments and a focus on research and development.
  3. Disruptive impact: Deep tech has the potential to revolutionise industries, creating new markets or significantly altering existing ones.


Venture Capital Approach to Deep Tech

Venture Capital (VC) firms are increasingly seeing the value and potential in deep tech investments. However, due to the complex nature of these technologies and longer gestation periods, a traditional VC approach may not always be effective.

Here’s how VCs are adapting their strategies for deep tech:

  1. Patient Capital: Given the longer gestation period of deep tech startups, VCs are adopting a ‘patient capital’ approach. This means they are prepared to wait for longer periods before seeing returns on their investments.
  2. Specialised Knowledge: Investing in deep tech often requires a more profound understanding of specific technology domains. As a result, many VCs are now employing tech specialists or partnering with experts who can evaluate the potential of proposed technological advancements.
  3. Collaboration with Academia: Deep tech often emerges from academic research. As such, VCs are increasingly partnering with universities and research institutions, often setting up incubators and accelerators to nurture promising projects.
  4. Larger Investment Rounds: Given the capital-intensive nature of deep tech, VCs are often willing to invest more significant sums in deep tech startups. This is often achieved through syndicate investing, where multiple VCs or investment entities pool resources.
  5. Public-Private Partnerships: Due to the high-risk nature of deep tech investment, VCs are leveraging public-private partnerships to share risks. Governments worldwide are supporting deep tech research through grants and other forms of assistance, which VCs can use to mitigate investment risks.


The world of deep tech presents a vast landscape of opportunities. With their transformative potential, deep tech companies are setting the stage to revolutionise industries, creating new markets, and substantially altering existing ones. Investors and venture capital firms that understand the unique demands and opportunities of this sector, and are willing to provide patient capital, can tap into this disruptive potential.

However, deep tech investing is not without its risks and challenges. The long R&D cycles, technological uncertainties, and the need for substantial capital often put these investments outside the traditional venture capital framework. Navigating these challenges demands a new strategic approach, one that leverages partnerships with academia, facilitates larger investment rounds, and builds public-private collaborations. Success in this arena is not just about risk-taking; it’s about informed, strategic risk-taking that understands and accounts for the unique demands of the deep tech sector.

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